Building Capacity & Empowering Communities in Bangladesh
Building Capacity and Empowering Communities in Khulna and Bagerhat Districts, in Southern Bangladesh, to use Sustainable Agriculture, Aquaculture Development and Climate Change Adaptation Interventions
June 2013 to March 2017
In 2013 the Bangladesh Association of Sustainable Development (BASD), Gaia Education and CIFAL Scotland launched a four year project Building Capacity and Empowering Communities funded by the Scottish Government. The project set out to improve sustainable food security and livelihoods of 42 vulnerable communities of Khulna and Bagerhat in southern Bangladesh, through capacity-building programmes and effective climate change adaptation strategies.
Bangladesh is one of the most climate vulnerable countries in the world. The low-lying coastal districts of Khulna and Bagerhat are particularly vulnerable. Cyclones, tidal surge and extreme flooding have devastated agriculture and food production, increasing mortality rates and destroying the livelihoods of many communities. More than 23% of the families in the region suffer from a shortage of food, with approximately 11% of community members unable to eat two meals a day (World Food Programme, 2007).
In this region over 50% of agricultural land is affected by salinity caused by tidal flooding during the wet season and upward movement of saline ground water during the dry season. With very low organic matter content in the soils, communities struggle to get the yields necessary for their food security and livelihoods.
This project based learning aimed to build the capacity of community leaders to manage sustainable village development, horticulture and organic vegetable production, and canal fisheries projects.
Villagers learned the skills necessary to build climate change-adapted homes across the region utilising natural building techniques. From the start, the project adopted a holistic approach to poverty reduction while promoting a paradigm shift in food production and disaster management: from conventional relief-and-response practices to an integrated and regenerative risk reduction culture. Supporting this approach has been the introduction of ecovillage and permaculture design practices, which have made significant progress toward the realisation of regenerative communities embedded in their bioregions.
Over three years, 140 community members from 42 communities have participated in a series of Design for Sustainable Settlements, Permaculture and Climate Change Intervention courses. Curricula and learning outcomes were developed by national and regional experts, permaculture practitioners and local growers to effectively respond to an environment prone to adverse climate change.
Villagers acquired practical skills in composting, vermiculture, mulching, herbal pesticides and raised-bed cultivation, resulting in significant improvement in the productivity of the salinated soil. Brinjal, sweet pumpkin, gourd, okra, radish, tomato, cabbage, spinach, red and green leaves, chili, potato, bean, korola, jinge and many other varieties have diversified their diet with direct impact on their health, wellbeing and self-esteem. Furthermore, the project strengthened community participation in natural resource management with a total of 27 community-led, small income generation projects.
Nine community organic gardens, six vermiculture and six horticulture sites, plus six canal fisheries have demonstrated the practical application of the lessons learnt in the heart of their communities. More than 75% of participants involved in small business projects were women who have increased their family income and emerged as leaders in the battle against the effects of climate change. These same women have opened the first organic shop in Banishanta market, where they are selling their surplus produce and enriching their livelihoods.
Community members were convinced that the robustness of plants and the high productivity of the nurseries are a direct result of the natural techniques of vermicomposting, vegetative and liquid composting, and mulching on saline-tolerant raised beds. With the learning taking place in their gardens and compounds through hands-on practical exposure, participating villagers have gradually assumed the role of educators to the wider community in spreading the techniques and sharing the results of their productive yields. Inspired by these trained change agents, both directly and indirectly, women and men of different ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds are now engaged in similar horticultural and small income generation projects achieving remarkable success in terms of increased food production, household income and community vitality.
Watch our Project Film
Hear from the community members about the climate change adaptation techniques learned
and how the project has impacted their livelihoods.
Delivering training courses in climate change awareness, Permaculture Design and Ecovillage Design.
Further developing and growing new sites for food and water security, while strengthening communities' resilience to climate change.
Increasing variety in crop production, preserving water and surpassing domestic requirements.